Saturday, October 25, 2014

Apple’s Magical Mystery Year

On October 20, 2014, Apple announced results for the fiscal quarter ended September 27, 2014 and for the fiscal year that ended the same day. For the fiscal year, Apple’s revenue rose about 7% to $182.795 billion while earnings per share rose about 13.6% to $6.45 due to year-over-year growth in net income and the ongoing $90 billion share repurchase program.

For the fiscal year, Apple set records for revenue and earnings per share. Although net income rose about 6.7% year-over-year to $39.51 billion, the current high water mark for net income was set in FY2012 at $41.733 billion on outsized gross margin. However, Apple may come within striking distance of a new net income record in FY2015 as we watch the fiscal year unfold.

The Trend Is Again Apple’s Friend
The graph below illustrates Apple’s net income on a quarterly basis and the corresponding percentage of revenue that flowed to the net income over the most recent twenty fiscal quarters. 

After a peak of 29.66% of revenue flowing to the net income line in FQ2 2012, Apple’s net income as a percentage of revenue has begun to gradually recover from the nadir of 19.53% set in FQ3 2013.

Since returning to net income growth in the March quarter, Apple’s share price has risen from a split-adjusted price of $74.96 on April 23rd immediately prior to the release of March quarter results to $105.22 on Friday, October 24th. This 40% rise in the share price in six months correlates to the market’s anticipation of rising net income and rising earnings per share amplified by the ongoing share repurchase program.

The graphs below depict Apple’s revenue and earnings per share performances over the most recent twenty fiscal quarters. 

Apple’s Revenue Growth
Apple’s revenue growth rates have moderated since the torrid rates of growth experienced in fiscal years 2010 through 2012. From a high of 66% revenue growth in FY2011, which included the first full fiscal year of iPad unit sales, to about 7% revenue growth in the fiscal year ended in late September, Apple’s revenue growth rates sharply declined over the two most recent fiscal years. FY2014’s revenue growth rate performance represents Apple’s slowest rate of revenue growth in over a decade. However, the revenue growth rate in the recent September quarter of 12.4% to $42.123 billion represents a reversal of that recent revenue growth rate trend.
For the December quarter (FQ1 2015) Apple is guiding to revenue of between $63.5 billion to $66.5 billion. This represents an expected revenue growth rate of between 10.25% and 15.5% in the period. To put Apple’s revenue guidance for the December quarter in perspective, Apple’s revenue total for all of FY2010 was $65.225 billion. 

Saturday, September 27, 2014

Apple Looks East, Looks West For Growth

Over the past few years much of Apple’s revenue growth has been fueled by the expansion of the number of iPhone carriers outside the Untied States. In the first nine months of the current fiscal year, Apple’s revenue moved higher by 5.42% to $140.672 billion. During this time, revenue in Apple’s Americas region rose by only 0.38% to $48.985 billion while revenue rose in the Greater China region by 22.27% to $24.068 billion and in Japan by 13.38% to $11.475 billion. 

The chart below details Apple’s regional revenue mix for the first nine months of the fiscal year that ends on Saturday, September 27th.
During this nine-month period, Greater China and Japan combined to deliver just over 25% of reported revenue while the Americas region represented just over one-third of Apple’s revenue total. 
The graph below illustrates Apple’s revenue growth rates by region over this nine-month period. While Europe’s 5.07% revenue growth was close to the aggregate revenue growth rate of 5.42%, the Rest of Asia Pacific region had a negative revenue growth in the period. Apple’s Retail revenue segment, separate from the revenue activity in the regions in which the stores are located, delivered a 3.64% rate of growth. 
No matter the four-quarter slide in net income that ended in the December quarter (FQ1 2014), Apple has continued to deliver year-over-year revenue growth. The chart below illustrates Apple’s revenue on a quarterly basis, segmented by region, since FQ1 2011.